A Bibliography for the Spirit in the Gospel of John

Those who want to study the Holy Spirit in John’s Gospel are confronted with an enormous body of literature. Below is a bibliography of scholarly works (grouped into monographs, dissertations, and articles) that focus on the Spirit in the Fourth Gospel. To limit the scope, I have not included commentaries or general theologies on John; nor have I included systematic works on pneumatology unless they have a heavy focus on John’s presentation of the Spirit (even though these more general works should be consulted when studying the Spirit in John).  I also have not included anything before 1950. I have, however, included articles that examine specific passages in John that feature the Spirit. Due to the shear volume of material, I am sure some works have been left out. Feel free to post any suggestions in the comment section. dove

A Bibliography for the Spirit in the Gospel of John 


Bennema, Cornelis. The Power of Saving Wisdom: An Investigation of Spirit and Wisdom in Relation to the Soteriology of the Fourth Gospel. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament, Reihe 2, 148. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2002.

Betz, Otto. Der Paraklet: Fursprecher im haretischen Spatjudentum, im Johannes-Evangelium und in neu gefundenen gnostischen Schriften. Leiden: Brill, 1963.

Breck, John. Spirit of Truth: The Holy Spirit in Johannine Tradition. Volume 1, The Origins of Johannine Pneumatology. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1991.

Brown, Tricia Gates. Spirit in the Writings of John. Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement 253. New York, T & T Clark, 2003.

Buch-Hansen, G. ‘It Is the Spirit that Gives Life’: A Stoic Understanding of Pneuma in John’s Gospel.  Berlin: de Gruyter, 2010.

Burge, Gary. The Anointed Community. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1987.

Casurella, Anthony. The Johannine Paraclete in the Church Fathers: A Study in the History of Exegesis. Beiträge zur Geschichte der biblischen Exegese 25. Tübingen: Mohr, 1983.

Gruenler, Royce Gordon. The Trinity in the Gospel of John: A Thematic Commentary on the Fourth Gospel. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1986.

Hamilton, James M.  God’s Indwelling Presence. Nashville: B&H Academic, 2006.

Holwerda, D. E. The Holy Spirit and Eschatology in the Gospel of John: A Critique of Rudolf Bultmann’s Present Eschatology. Kampen: Kok, 1959.

Johnston, George. The Spirit-Paraclete in the Gospel of John. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970.

Jones, Larry Paul. The Symbol of Water in the Gospel of John. Journal for the Society of New Testament Studies 145. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic, 1997.

Keener, Craig S. The Spirit in the Gospels and Acts. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1997.

Köstenberger, Andreas and Scott Swain. Father, Son and Spirit: The Trinity and John’s Gospel. New Studies in Biblical Theology 24. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2008.

Ng, Wai-yee. Water Symbolism in John: An Eschatological Interpretation. Society for Biblical Literature 15. New York: Peter Lang, 2001.

Porsch, Felix. Pneuma und Wort: Ein exegetischer Beitragzur Pneumatologie des Johannesevangeliums. Frankfurter Theologische Studien 16. Frankfurt: Knecht, 1974.

Wijngaards, John. The Spirit in John. Wilmington: Michael Glazier, 1988.

Windisch, H. The Spirit-Paraclete in the Fourth Gospel. Translated by J. W. Cox. Philadelphia:Fortress, 1968.




Berg, Robert Alan. “Pneumatology and the History of the Johannine Community: Insights from the Farewell Discourses and the First Epistle.” PhD diss., Graduate School of Drew University, 1988.

Greene, Joseph R. “The Realization of the Heavenly Temple in John’s Gospel: Jesus and the Spirit.” PhD diss., Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary, 2012.

Mathews, Revi J. “The Spirit-Paraclete in the Testament of Jesus According to Saint John’s Gospel.” PhD diss., Fordham University, 1992.

Quinn, Russell Dale. “Expectation and Fulfillment of the Gift of the Holy Spirit in the Gospel of John.” PhD diss., The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 2010.

Tew, Grady Timothy. “The Pneumatology of John as Seen in the Fourth Gospel.” PhD diss., New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, 1993.



Allison, Dale C. Jr. “The Living Water—John 4:10–14; 6:35c; 7:37–39.” Saint Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 30 (1986): 143–157.

Aloisi, John. “The Paraclete’s Ministry of Conviction: Another Look at John 16:8–11.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 47 (2004): 55–69.

Barrett, C. K. “The Holy Spirit in the Fourth Gospel.” Journal of Theological Studies 1 (1950): 1 -15.

Beare, Francis Wright. “Spirit of Life and Truth : The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit in the Fourth Gospel.” Toronto Journal of Theology 3 (1987): 110-125.

______. “The Risen Jesus Bestows the Spirit: A Study of John 20:19–23.” Canadian Journal of Theology 4 (1958): 95–100.

Bennema, Cornelis. “The Giving of the Spirit in John’s Gospel—A New Proposal?” Evangelical Quarterly 74 (2002): 195–213.

Billington, Antony. “The Paraclete and Mission in the Fourth Gospel.” Pages 90–115 in Mission and Meaning: Essays Presented to Peter Cotterell. Edited by Antony Billington, Tony Lane, and Max Turner. Carlisle: Paternoster, 1995.

Boring, M. Eugene. “Influence of Christian Prophecy on the Johannine Portrayal of the Paraclete and Jesus.” New Testament Studies 25 (1978): 113–123.

Brown, Raymond.“The Paraclete in the Fourth Gospel.” New Testament Studies 13 (1967): 113-132.

Burns, J Lanier. “John 14:1-27: The Comfort of God’s Presence.” Bibliotheca sacra 172 (2015): 299-315.

Carson, D. A. “The Function of the Paraclete in John 16:7–11.” Journal of Biblical Literature 98 (1979): 547–566.

Collins, C. J. “John 4:23–24, ‘in Spirit and Truth’: An Idiomatic Proposal.” Presbyterion 21 (1995): 118–121.

Cortes, Juan B. “Yet Another Look at Jn 7,37–38.” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 29 (1967): 75–86.

Crump, David. “Who Gets What? God or Disciples, Human Spirit or Holy Spirit in John 19:30.” Novum Testamentum 51 (2009): 78–89.

Daise, Michael A. “‘If Anyone Thirsts, Let That One Come to Me and Drink’: The Literary Texture of John 7:37b–38a.”Journal of Biblical Literature 122 (2003): 687–699.

Davies, J. G. “The Primary Meaning of PARAKLHTOS.” Journal of Theological Studies NS 4 (1953): 35–38.

Derrett, J. D. M. “Why Did Jesus Blow on the Disciples? (John 20,22).” Bibbia e oriente 40 (1999): 235–246.

Draper, J. A. “The Sociological Function of the Spirit/Paraclete in the Farewell Discourses in the Fourth Gospel.” Neotestamentica, 26 (1992): 13-29.

Efferin, Henry. “The Paraclete in John 14–16.” Stulos Theological Journal 1 (1993): 149–156.

Estrada, R. G. “The Spirit as an Inner Witness in John 15.26.” Journal of Pentecostal Theology 22 (2013): 77-94.

Fee, Gordon. “Once more—John 7:37–39.”Expository Times 89 (1978): 116–118.

Floor, L. “The Lord and the Holy Spirit in the Fourth Gospel.” Neotestamentica 2 (1968): 122–130.

Greene, Joseph R. “Integrating Interpretations of John 7:37–39 into the Temple Theme: The Spirit as Efflux from the New Temple,” Neotestamentica 47.2 (2013): 319–339.

Grigsby, Bruce H. “‘If any man thirsts’: Observations on the Rabbinic Background of John 7:37–39.” Biblica 67 (1986): 101–108.

Harm, F. R. “Distinctive Titles of the Holy Spirit in the Writings of John.” Concordia 13 (1987): 119-135.

Hatina, Thomas R. “John 20,22 in Its Eschatological Context: Promise or Fulfillment?” Biblica 74 (1993): 196–219.

Hodges, Zane C. “Problem Passages in the Gospel of John, Part 3: Water and Spirit—John 3:5.” Bibliotheca sacra 135 (1978): 206–220.

———. “Problem Passages in the Gospel of John, Part 7: Rivers of Living Water—John 7:37–39.” Bibliotheca sacra 136 (1979): 239–248.

Hooke, S. H. “‘The Spirit Was Not Yet.’” New Testament Studies 9 (1963): 372–380.

Hunt, W. Boyd. “John’s Doctrine of the Spirit.” Southwestern Journal of Theology 8 (1965):45-65.

Malatesta, Edward. “The Spirit/Paraclete in the Fourth Gospel.” Biblica 54 (1973): 539–550.

Manns, Fréderic. “Le Paraclet dans I’évangile de Jean.” Studii biblici franciscani liber annuus 33 (1983): 99-152.

Marcus, Joel. “Rivers of Living Water from Jesus’ Belly (John7:38).” Journal of Biblical Literature 117 (1998): 328–330.

McCabe, Robert V. “The Meaning of ‘Born of Water and the Spirit’ in John 3:5.” Detroit Baptist Seminary Journal 4 (1999): 85–107.

Menken, Maarten J. J. “The Origin of the Old Testament Quotation in John 7:38.” Novum Testamentum 38 (1996): 160–175.

Müller, Ulrich B. “Die Parakletenvorstellung im Johannesevangelium.“ Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche 71 (1974): 31-78.

Newman, D. “As from the Father, so from the Son: The Procession of the Spirit in the Fourth Gospel.” Churchman 127 (2013): 299-309.

Pack, Frank. “The Holy Spirit in the Fourth Gospel.” Restoration Quarterly 31 (1989):139-148.

Pamment, Margaret. “John 3:5: ‘Unless One Is Born of Water and the Spirit, He Cannot Enter the Kingdom of God.’” Novum Testamentum 25 (1983): 189–190.

Patrick, Johnstone. “The Promise of the Paraclete.” Bibliotheca sacra 127 (1970): 333–345.

Reese, K. D. “The Role of the Paraclete in John 16:7–11.” Theological Educator 51 (1995): 39–48.

Russell, E. A. “The Holy Spirit in the Fourth Gospel.” Irish Biblical Studies 2 (1980): 84-94.

Russell, W. “The Holy Spirit’s Ministry in the Fourth Gospel.” Grace Theological Journal 8 (1987): 227-239.

Schwarz, Günther. “‘Der Wind weht, wo er will’?” Biblische Notizen 63 (1992): 47–48.

Shafaat, A. “Geber of the Qumran Scrolls and the Spirit-Paraclete of the Gospel of John.” New Testament Studies 27 (1980–81): 263–269.

Shillington, V. George. “The Spirit-Paraclete as Jesus’ alter ego in the Fourth Gospel (John 14-16).”  Vision 13 (2012): 31-39.

Smalley, Stephen. “‘The Paraclete’: Pneumatology in the Johannine Gospel and Apocalypse.” Pages 289–313 in Exploring the Gospel of John in Honor of D. Moody Smith. Edited by R. Alan Culpepper and C. Clifton Black. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1996.

Snodgrass, Klyne R. “That Which Is Born from ΠNEYMA Is ΠNEYMA: Rebirth and Spirit in John 3:5–6.” Pages 181–206 in Perspectives on John: Method and Interpretation in the Fourth Gospel. Edited by Robert Sloan and Mikeal C. Parsons. National Association of Baptist Professors of Religion Special Studies Series 11. Lewiston, N.Y.: E. Mellen Press, 1993.

Stuhlmacher, Peter. “Spiritual Remembering: John 14.26.” Pages 55–68 in The Holy Spirit and Christian Origins. Edited by Graham Stanton, Bruce Longenecker, and Stephen Barton. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004.

Swetnam, James. “Bestowal of the Spirit in the Fourth Gospel.” Biblica 74 (1993): 556–576.

Thompson, Marianne Meye. “The Breath of Life: John 20:22–23 Once More.” Pages 69–78 in The Holy Spirit and Christian Origins. Edited by Graham Stanton, Bruce Longenecker, and Stephen Barton. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004.

Turner, Max. “The Concept of Receiving the Spirit in John’s Gospel.” Vox Evangelica 10 (1976): 24–42.

Vawter, B. “John’s Doctrine of the Spirit: A Summary of His Eschatology.” Pages 177–185 in A Companion to John: Readings in Johannine Theology. Edited by Michael J. Taylor. New York: Alba, 1977.

Viviano, B. T. “The Spirit in John’s Gospel: A Hegelian Perspective.” Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie und Theologie 43 (1996): 368-387.

Weissenrieder, Annette. “Spirit and Rebirth in the Gospel of John.” Religion & Theology 21 (2014): 58-85.

Witherup, R. D. “The Spirit of God. The Holy Spirit according to John’s Gospel.” Priest 70 (2014): 40-42.


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